modalities

“In every block of marble I see a statue as plain as though it stood before me, shaped and perfect in attitude and action. I have only to hew away the rough walls that imprison the lovely apparition to reveal it to the other eyes as mine see it.” – Michelangelo

Your incredible potential is already inside, let’s work together to reveal it. Clients would describe my counselling style as gentle yet assertive, and I work to offer the best therapeutic modalities in a relaxed, safe, non-judgmental space. Both EMDR and CBT modalities help clients reframe events, and regulate thoughts and emotions to more effectively function in the present and future.

EMDR

“Until you make the unconscious conscious, it will direct your life and you will call it fate.” – Carl Jung

Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) therapy is an empirically validated, comprehensive, integrative psychotherapy approach. It contains elements of many effective psychotherapies in structured protocols that are designed to maximize treatment effects. These include psychodynamic, cognitive behavioural, interpersonal, experiential and body-centered therapies. EMDR is an adaptive information processing therapy and attends to the past experiences that have set the groundwork for pathology, the current situations that trigger dysfunctional emotions, beliefs and sensations, and the positive experience needed to enhance future adaptive behaviors and mental health (from EMDR Institute, Inc.). No matter who we are, our physiologically stored memories are the basis of our current perceptions of the present. EMDR allows for an empowering understanding of and freedom from the patterns that have been at work in our lives.

EMDR has been endorsed by the American Psychiatric Association, the Departments of Veterans Affairs and Defense, SAHMSA, the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies, and the World Health Organization.

From the 2013 World Health Organization practice guidelines, EMDR therapy “is based on the idea that negative thoughts, feelings and behaviours are the result of unprocessed memories. The treatment involves standardized procedures that include focusing simultaneously on (a) spontaneous associations of traumatic images, thoughts, emotions and bodily sensations and (b) bilateral stimulation that is most commonly in the form of repeated eye movements. Like CBT with a trauma focus, EMDR aims to reduce subjective distress and strengthen adaptive beliefs related to the traumatic event. Unlike CBT with a trauma focus, EMDR does not involve (a) detailed descriptions of the event, (b) direct challenging of beliefs, (c) extended exposure or (d) homework.”

Click here and here for what to expect during the 8 phases of EMDR treatment.

Click here to see an annotated list of research on the effectiveness of EMDR therapy.

CBT

“We do not see things as they are, we see them as we are.”  – the Talmud

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), including Cognitive Behavioural Therapy – Rational Living Therapy and Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, is based in the idea that how we feel and how we act or respond are directly related to what we think or our interpretation. Becoming aware of our actions and feelings helps us become aware of our thoughts. Our thoughts provide the background music, if you will, to our experiences. To quote To Kill a Mockingbird, people in general see what they look for and hear what they listen for. For example, if our background music is the thought equivalent of the Jaws theme song (eliciting emotions of fear, anxiety, panic, worry), then that is the kind of world we will create for ourselves. Through CBT techniques, becoming more aware of our thoughts and making our thoughts more rational and congruent with reality, we can improve our ability to tolerate emotions, and change our experience within ourselves and the world around us.

Click here to see an annotated list of research on the effectiveness of TF-CBT therapy.